Penguin Populations

 Summary. In this Excel module, students learn about penguin populations while learning concepts in Algebra. Students learn about how climate change is affecting penguins and how we can model it, as well as what we can do to help limit the effects of climate change to keep penguins from going extinct. Algebraic content includes identifying trends and creating linear equations in slope-intercept form. Students also increase computational skills through working in Excel with real-world data. Developed by Augie Kalytiak-Davis and Isabella Hedley and edited by Penny Rowe.


Common Core Standards and Learning Goals

    • Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems

    • Create equations that describe relationships
    • Learn concepts in algebra: two-variable data, linear plots, slope-intercept form of a Linear Equation 
    • Increase climate literacy
    • Gain computational skills through performing calculations in Excel.

Context for Use

These materials were developed for an Algebra I class, in consultation with a High School teacher, with the explicit goal of meeting content and common core standards.

Teaching Materials

After giving the presentation below, teachers may elect to have students work through either the Excel Worksheet or the Jupyter Notebook below.

Teaching Guide, Keys, and Assessment

Supporting materials (In case they are moved or removed online)

    • Coming Soon …




PENGUIN modules were created with funding from the National Science Foundation. Creative Commons Copyright. You may freely use and share with attribution to the PENGUIN project as follows:

Rowe, P.M. et al (2020): Integrating polar research into undergraduate curricula using computational guided inquiry, JGE, 2020. (link)